Tahap pemahaman dan kesedaran amalan gender dalam kalangan kakitangan Kementerian Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat serta agensi-agensi di bawahnya


  • Wan Munira Wan Jaafar Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Amna Md Noor Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Nobaya Ahmad Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Muhd Dhamir Audi Azizul Universiti Putra Malaysia


gender, gender equality, gender practice, understanding, awareness


This study aims to identify a level of understanding and awareness of gender practice
among the staff of the Ministry of Women Development, Family and Community, and all
agencies under its administration. A total of 2,656 respondents involved in this study. The
study employed the quantitative approach and the online survey as its main instrument to
gather the primary data of the study. T-test was utilised to test the differences in public
awareness, based on gender and it’s found that there was a significant difference between
gender (t = -5.054, p<001). Mean score value shows that women’s awareness (mean=3.9)
were slightly higher, compared to men’s awareness (mean=3.77). T-Test also was run to
test the difference in an individual’s awareness, and it shows that there was a significant
difference between gender (t = -2.63, p<0.01). The mean score value also shows that
women (mean=3.06) were more aware of gender practice; compared to men (mean=2.99).
In general, public and personal awareness towards gender practices among the ministry
staff and agencies is moderate, and women show a better understanding and awareness
towards gender practice compared to men.